The Prince of Panidihing Class 8 English Lesson 1

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SCERT Class 8 English Lesson 1 also provides free CBSE, NCERT, SEBA class notes. Now lets have a look at the word-meaning of Women in Space class 8 Lesson 1. We also try to include class 8 English “The Prince of Panidihing” extra questions and answers for our readers.

The Prince of Panidihing

Lesson 1


Q. 1.  Answer the following questions to check your understanding:

(a)  Why did the people of Chitolia and the neighbouring villages panic?

AnswerThe people of chitolia and the neighbouring villages panicked because the swelling water of Brahmaputra continued rising.


On a certain week it had rained heavily and the water of the river Brahmaputra had risen, people were panicked thinking that it would cause a flood.

(b)  What happened when the embankment at Chitolia village was breached?

AnswerWhen the embankment at Chitolia village was breached, huge waves of water broke into the villages. The air quickly filled with the cries and People took shelter on top of roofs of chang-ghars and the mad bellowing of the livestock being swept away.

(c)  What action did Khagen and his classmates take to rescue the villagers of Chitolia?

AnswerTo rescue the villagers of Chitolia Khagen and his classmates made five rafts of banana trunks and rushed to Chitolia.

(d)  How did Khagen and Dambaru rescue Dr. Hatibaruah and Moni Baidew?

AnswerKhagen and Dambaru reached to the hospital quater where Dr. Hatibaruah and his wife Moni Baidew were stranded. They reached there after half an hour and took them into the boat with their bags. However, at some point of their journey, their boat got trapped in a whirlpool. Six people riding in the boat spilt in the water but somehow moved back to a higher place safely.

(e)  Why did the people of the village call Khagen ‘The Prince of Panidihing’?

Answer— The people of the village called khagen ‘the prince of panidihing ‘ because khagen always bravely stood by them in their needs. He was always ready to help others even by putting his own life in danger.

Q. 2.  How much of the story do you remember? Answer these questions quickly. 

(a)  Who was Khagen? How old was he?

AnswerKhagen was a brave student of Nitaipukhuri college. He was seventeen years old .

(b)  ‘It rained heavily all week.’ What was the result?

AnswerThe result was that the water level of the Brahmaputra kept rising and finally the embankment at Chitolia village was breached.

(c)  ‘In moments, huge waves of water broke into villages.’ – What is this situation called?

AnswerThis situation is called flood.

(d)  “Khagen! You have saved our lives, given us a new life.”- Who said this? Why did he say this?

AnswerDr. Hatibaruah said this to Khagen because he had saved them from being drowned.

Q. 3.  Complete the following sentences in your own words:

(a)  The water rolled over some of the house-tops and ___________________________

AnswerThe water rolled over some of the house-tops and people in the village cried out and and the animals made loud, distressed noises as they were carried away by the water.

(b)  By the time the people of Chitolia were evacuated, ___________________________

AnswerBy the time the people of Chitolia were evacuated, Went to the high field of School building Khagen and his friends were very tired.

(c)  The boat took a U turn now and _______________________________________

AnswerThe boat took a U turn now and started to flow quickly with the current.

(d)  Dambaru and the two other men somehow managed to catch ___________________

AnswerDambaru and the two other men somehow managed to catch the capsized boat that was nearly swept away in the water.

Q. 4.  Read the following. Use the clues to write a summary of the situation of Panidihing to be published in the local newspaper. Give a suitable title.

  • it rained heavily
  • panic gripped the village
  • the embankment was breached
  • villagers took shelter on house-tops
  • villagers from neighbouring villages rushed to help
  • the civil authorities were also informed
  • in no time rafts and boats were made ready
  • hundreds of villagers were rescued along with their livestock

Answer Brave Rescue in Panidihing: Floods Bring Villagers Together

Panidihing, July 10: Panidihing village experienced a crisis as heavy rainfall triggered panic among its residents. The embankment broke, and the village flooded. People got scared and climbed on their roofs. Luckily, neighbors came to help. They also made rafts of banana trunks to rescue the villagers. Many villagers, along with their animals, were saved. Everyone worked together, showing bravery during this tough time in Panidihing.

Q. 5. (a)  Let’s learn some grammer:

Here is the opening line of the story you have just read.

It rained heavily all week.

The word ‘heavily’ gives us more information and adds something more to the meaning of the verb ‘rained’.

Read the following sentences from the story:

“He’s a brave fellow,” they often said.

The civil authorities at Demow also had to be informed immediately.

It narrowly missed crashing into the railing of the verandah.

In all of these sentences, the words often, immediately, and narrowly tell us more about the verbs (said, informed, missed).

Words such as often or immediately that give us more information about a verb are called adverbs.

There are several types of adverbs. The most common adverbs are:

(i)  Adverbs of manner

boldly, bravely, quickly, slowly, heavily, etc.

It rained heavily.

(ii)  Adverbs of time

ago, since, before, early, soon, already, yet, etc.

Khagen and Dambaru are coming tomorrow.

(iii)  Adverbs of place/position

here, there, near, up, down, everyehere, etc.

Khagen sat near Dambaru.

(iv)  Adverbs of direction

left, right, towards, etc.

Khagen turned left at the crossroads.

(v)  Adverbs of frequency

always, ever, never, often, everyday, etc.

Khagen is always ready to help.

(vi)  Adverbs of degree

very, too, very much, enough, so much, of course, rather, hardly, extremely, etc.

They narrowly missed crashing into the railing of the verandah.

(vii)  Interrogative adverbs

when, why, how, etc.

How is she now?

Now read the lesson again and underline all the adverbs. Also find out the verbs to which they are adding new information.

(b)  More practice with adverbs:

Underline the adverbs in the sentences below and say what types they are.

(i)  Khagen quickly grasped the situation.

AnswerKhagen quickly grasped the situation. Adverbs of manner

(ii)  He will stay here.

AnswerHe will stay here. Adverbs of place.

(iii)  The civil authorities at Demow had to be informed immediately.

AnswerThe civil authorities at Demow had to be informed immediately. Adverbs of time.

(iv)  He had done it already.

AnswerHe had done it alreadyAdverbs of time.

(v)  He is strong enough to steer the raft.

AnswerHe is strong enough to steer the raft. Adverbs of degree.

(vi)  Since when has the doctor been stranded?

AnswerSince when has the doctor been stranded? Adverbs of time.

(vii)  Moni Baidew is too afraid to board the boat.

AnswerMoni Baidew is too afraid to board the boat. Adverbs of degree.

Q. 6. (a)  A large number of words in English begin with two or three consonants. Many such words begin with the consonant ‘s’ followed by one or two other consonants. Practise saying aloud these words beginning with sound /s/.

speak           steered                spade               space               stand                 smileschool          stranded             stich                  stare                 stretch               stormsmoke          smooth                scared              smell                style                    streamstrike             steadily               strong               spring               straight              spectacles

(b)  Which of the words given in the box in active 6 (a) can you find in the lesson? Read aloud the sentences that contain the words. Then make five sentences with any five words from the box and practise reading them aloud.



AnswerSmile, school, Scared, stream, steered.

Smile We should greet our guests with a warm smile.

School Ram goes to school everyday.

Scared  She was scared when she heard a loud noise.

stream I saw a clear stream during our journey to Shillong.

Steered He confidently steered the boat through the calm waters of the lake.

Q. 7.  Work in groups to make five sentences with the word cards. Your sentences should match the events in the story. You may use a card more than once. After you have completed, read out the sentences. One is done for you.

That morning a loud roar alerted the riverside villagers.

class 8 English lesson 1

Answer1.  They steered the boat.

2.  Half an hour later the boat reached the doctor’s house.

3.  They got into a boat to reached doctor’s house.

4.  Alerted by a loud roar, the villagers quickly reached the riverside.

5. They reached the doctor’s house half an hour later.

Q. 8.  (a)  Read this news item carefully:

Two die in Assam floods

Anil Nagar, July 16: Two persons, a man and a woman were drowned in a devastating flood caused by heavy rains in Anil Nagar, kamrup (Metropolitan) district, Assam. Most of the flood affected people were however rescued and taken to the relief camps. The district administration sought the help of paramilitary forces in the rescue operation. Many NGOs also offered their help in the operation.

(b)  Look at the kinds of information that are mentioned in the news item and find answers to the following questions:

(i)  Where did the floor occur?

AnswerThe flood occurred in Anil Nagar, Kamrup (Metropolitan) district, Assam

(ii)  How many people died in the flood?

Answer—  Two people died in the flood.

(iii)  Where were the flood affected people taken too?

AnswerThe flood affected people were taken to relief camps.

(iv)  Who helped the flood affected people?

Answer—  Paramilitary forces and many NGOs helped the flood affected people.

(c)  Imagine you are Khagen. Working with your partner, write a newspaper report on the floods and how they affected the lives of the people in your village and neighbouring villages.

Your report should include the following:

(i)  The headline

(ii)  The dateline

(iii)  Where and how the floods occured

(iv)  Damages caused to life and property.

(v)  How the people of the village responded to the crisis

(vi)  How rescue operations were carried out

(vii)  Where relief camps were set up

(viii)  How many people were shifted to the relief camps

(ix)  What steps the government took to provide relief and rehabilitation to the people

Use information given in the lesson to complete your report.

Answer—  Panidihing Flood: Swift Rescue and Government Aid

Panidihing, July 11 : A devastating flood caused due to continuous rain and overflowing of the Brahmaputra occured at the village of Chitolia. The breaching of embankment paniced the people who huddled on to the housetops. Nearby villagers rushed to assist and conducted rescue operations using rafts and boats. A relief camp was set up at the nearest high school, where around 2000 people found shelter. The flood caused significant damage to homes and belongings. The government provided support with food and supplies, and each affected family received Rs.10,000 as assistance.

S. L. No Contents (Class 8 English)
Lesson 1 The Prince of Panidihing
Lesson 2 My Native Land
Lesson 3 Explore India: Quiz Time
Lesson 4 Dokchory learns about the Panchayat
Lesson 5 Louis Pasteur
Lesson 6 A New Day, A New Way
Lesson 7 Sympathy
Lesson 8 Chandraprabha Saikiani

Q. 9.  What would you have done if you were Khagen? Write a diary entry describing your experience and actions on the day the floods occurred in your village. Use the information from the main text to write your entry. 

Your diary page may include the following points:

(i)  Date and time making the entry(ii)  How you alerted the people about the breach in the embankment.(iii)  What steps you took to help your family and people of the village (including alerting the civil authorities)


Dear Diary,

Today, a strong intuition compelled me to warn the villagers as incessant rain raised concerns about the embankment breaching. Sadly, my fears came true, and our villages faced a devastating flood.

Joined by my friends, we worked tirelessly to aid the flood victims and promptly informed the Civil authorities to take necessary measures. Despite the challenging circumstances, the satisfaction of standing by our community in their time of need brings a sense of peace.

Yours faithfully, [Your Name]

Q. 10.  Project work: (SCERT Class 8 English Lesson 1)

Imagine your village has been inundated by the flood waters of the Brahmaputra. Discuss in your group what steps you will take as volunteers to provide relief to the flood victims of your village. Draw up a plan of action.

The plan of action may include the following:

(a)  Collecting donations, including clothes, food and other items of daily use for the flood affected people.

(b)  Writing to various NGOs for help.

(c)  Writing to civil authorities for aid, on behalf of different individual victims and so on

(d)  Giving company to the affected children and elderly victims

(e)  Providing first aid to the flood affected people

Answer—  Group Discussion on Relief Plan for Flood Victims

As volunteers in our flooded village, we need to come together and develop a comprehensive plan of action to provide relief to the flood victims. Here’s a proposed plan:

(a) Collecting Donations:

  • Set up donation collection points in safe areas.
  • Appeal to the community for donations of clothes, non-perishable food items, and other essential daily-use items.
  • Organize volunteers to sort, pack, and distribute collected items to affected households.

(b) Seeking NGO Assistance:

  • Draft letters to NGOs, highlighting our situation and immediate needs.
  • Contact reputable NGOs for assistance in disaster relief.

(c) Seeking Civil Authorities Aid:

  • Draft letters to civil authorities, advocating for individual victims.
  • Prioritize vulnerable victims and follow up on aid distribution progress.

(d) Providing Support:

  • Identify and offer companionship to affected children and elderly.
  • Coordinate safe spaces for children in collaboration with local institutions.

(e) First Aid Services:

  • Establish first aid stations and train volunteers in basic first aid.
  • Provide immediate medical assistance to those in need.

(f) Coordination and Communication:

  • Establish a central communication hub for updates and coordination.
  • Designate team leaders for tasks and create a clear communication chain.

(g) Safety Measures:

  • Brief volunteers on safety protocols during relief activities.
  • Coordinate with local authorities for necessary permits.

(h) Documentation:

  • Maintain records of donations received and distributed.
  • Document the number of beneficiaries and relief impact.
  • Prepare a comprehensive report for transparency.

This concise plan ensures a coordinated and organized approach to providing immediate relief to our flood-affected community while emphasizing safety and efficiency.

Q. 11.  Prepare a notice to be hung on your school noticeboard informing the students about a free health camp to help the flood victims.



Date: 17.06. 2023

Dear Students,

In light of the recent devastating floods affecting our fellow citizens, we are organizing a Free Health Camp on June 27 to provide essential medical assistance to the flood victims. Your participation can make a significant impact on their road to recovery.

Date: 27.06.2023

Time: 9 AM- 2 PM

Venue: Nitaipukhuri College

Services Include:

  • Basic health check-ups
  • Distribution of essential medicines
  • Consultations with healthcare professionals

Remember: Your small effort can bring a big change in someone’s life.

Let’s stand together to support those in need during this challenging time.

Lakhyajyoti Saikia

General Secretary

Students’ Union

We’ll also try to include SCERT class 8 English Lesson 1 extra questions soon.

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